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Research Project:

Water-energy-food security nexus in household's bioenergy use

Project Lead: Dr. Utkur Djanibekov
Project Execution: Dr. Utkur Djanibekov
Start: June 2015
Funding: Center for Development Research.


Bioenergy is a vital a source of energy for households, especially in rural areas of developing countries. However, current bioenergy production can be is insufficient in future due to population growth. In addition, burning bioenergy can result in tradeoffs, e.g., increased bioenergy crop area result in reduced food crop area which may also increase usage of irrigation water. Accordingly, it is important to consider nexus aspects in bioenergy use, and identify potential options of bioenergy crops and technologies. These aspects need to comprise, among others, household incomes, food security, rural equality, spillover effects, sustain natural resources and environment.

Thus, policies as well as possible bioenergy sources have to be identified that enhance livelihoods of households within the nexus concept. In this project, we aim to develop the nexus household model that allows analyzing the effects of bioenergy use on households, as well as by using the nexus concept focus on multidimensional impacts of bioenergy use. A dynamic programming model will be developed and used for ex-ante assessment. The nexus household model will rely on the water-energy-food security nexus concept which will allow understanding multiple aspects of bioenergy use in rural households. The model is generic and can be adapted and extended in order to be applied to different case study countries in analyzing bioenergy sources and their technologies. The study is the research collaboration between the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn and Institute for Food and Resource Economics, Production Economics Group. The aim of the project collaboration between ZEF and Production Economics Group is to provide evidence-based analytical support for national and international policies promoting technological and institutional innovations in bioenergy, and more broadly in decentralized energy options in developing countries, using a case study of India.

Last updated: January 04, 2016